First Years Guide to Ace Potions: A Study Guide
This book is intended for all who need a quick study reference guide for PTNS-101. It has a glossary of terms & its appropriate meanings for the entire course. Each chapter is based on a lesson; where it won't go into grave detail, but will give you the necessary components to study for upcoming tests & assignments. This does not include mid-term & final exams. All detailed information about each topic is in your official lessons with the Professor. DO NOT COPY AS IT IS PLAGIARISM!
Lesson Two: Vocabulary & Theory Study Guide
Compounds create a substance of two atoms or more. Mixtures have more than two compounds. For example, if you put water & salt together, there are two compounds; H2O & NaCl. It then becomes a mixture. A solution is a mixture, where a solute is the small amount of substance & a solvent is the bigger amount of substance. The solute doesn't have to be scattered evenly, but it needs to have an amount somewhere among it. For example, salt is the solute & water is the solvent. A phase transition is when a phase changes into another phase.
Melting: Solid is the initial phase, liquid is the final phase
Sublimation: Solid is the initial phase, gas is the final phase
Freezing: Liquid is the initial phase, solid is the final phase
Evaporating/Boiling: Liquid is the initial phase, gas is the final phase
Deposition: Gas is the initial phase, solid is the final phase
Condensation: Gas is the initial phase, liquid is the final phase
⊱ A heterogeneous mixture is when you can see all parts. For example, trail mix.
⊱ A homogeneous mixture is when you can't see all parts. For example, salt water. You can't see the salt in the water unless its boiled.
⊱ Water is the typical type of compound. For example, H2O has two hydrogen atoms & one oxygen atom.
⊱ Plasma is the fourth state of matter.